Eye injuries come in many shapes and sizes, some more serious than others. Some might necessitate emergency action and immediate care by an optician, while others can be treated at home. Read these guidelines for routine eye injuries, to determine the next step following an accident. Don't forget that general safety measures including using safety glasses may be your best bet for preventing eye problems altogether.
A corneal abrasion (scratched eye) is on the more serious side. It can lead to serious damage very quickly and possibly end in vision loss. Scratches are commonly caused by a poke in the eye, or scratching the eye when there is sand in it. Since a scratch can open your eye to bacterial infection it's very important that you see your eye care practitioner or an urgent care clinic. The best advice for a scratched eye is to cover it loosely and to see your eye care practitioner as quickly as possible to ensure it is isn't infected. Touching the eye will only make it worse and completely covering the eye provides the ideal environment for bacteria.
It's especially important to have a plan for what steps to take if you've been splashed in the eye by a chemical. First, you need to flush out your eye by putting your face beneath a steady stream of lukewarm water for approximately a quarter of an hour. Then contact your eye doctor or an urgent care clinic to hear what they recommend for such injuries. Be sure to inform the medical professional exactly what chemical got into your eye and what you've done. If you're experiencing intense blurriness, go immediately to your eye doctor or an urgent care clinic after washing it with water. Chemical encounters with the eye can cause a variety of degrees of damage, from minor irritation to severe damage and even vision loss.
While it is sometimes unpleasant to anticipate an eye injury, it's recommended to be prepared with what to do in such emergencies. By being prepared you can be assured that you'll know how to deal with most routine eye problems. Don't forget, extra safety precautions can help prevent these injuries altogether so consult with your eye care practitioner about preventative eye care options!