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Presbyopia and Getting Older


Contact your Glastonbury, CT Optometrist to Learn More About Treatment Options


Many adults at some point begin to experience presbyopia or a reduced ability to see objects that are close, as they get older. As people around the world are living longer, more and more individuals develop presbyopia, which currently cannot be avoided.


Theories about the cause of presbyopia are that the eye will often toughen by the age of forty, making it harder for the eyes to focus in on something, particularly something close by. Sufferers usually manage with the situation by holding a book away from their eyes or standing away from the object they are looking at. Transitions from looking at far off things to nearer ones are often strenuous for people with presbyopia. The stress might add further discomfort by causing headaches, eye strain or fatigue.


Most of the time bifocal lenses or progressive addition lenses (PALs) are used to correct presbyopia. Bifocal lenses are divided into two points of focus, the upper portion is for distance vision and the lower portion of the lens is for looking at things that are close by. PALs use the same principal as bifocal lenses, however the transitions between the two prescriptions are more gradual and have no clear line between them. Wearers can more easily shift visual focus, as they might having uninhibited vision. Another option is reading glasses which, unlike bifocals or PALs which are worn continually, are used only as needed.


Presbyopes can also use multifocal contact lenses or monovision lens correction (in which one eye is prescribed a distance vision and the other near vision) to correct the vision impairment. Individuals react in different ways to multifocal lenses, so it may take a while to determine if and in what combination they work for you.


There are also surgical options available that should be talked over with your eye doctor. A significant number of people are most successful using a combination of treatments for presbyopia. Furthermore, because presbyopia will continue to deteriorate as you get older, it is likely that you will be required to continually adjust your prescription. With the population growing older, there is quite a bit of experimental treatment on the market currently to discover more and perhaps more permanent solutions for the growing number of people dealing with presbyopia.


Seeing signs of presbyopia? Schedule a check up with your Glastonbury, CT eye doctor. A return to normal vision is worth it!