Since January is National Glaucoma Awareness Month, this post is intended to emphasize the importance of recognizing the indications of glaucoma. Glaucoma is the term for a category of ocular diseases that cause damage to the eye's optic nerve, which can cause a permanent loss of vision. If uncontrolled, the damage often first causes peripheral vision loss and ultimately ends up causing a complete loss of vision. It is the leading reason for avoidable blindness and more than sixty million individuals worldwide suffer from the vision threatening condition.
A significant reason for the development of glaucoma is considered to be elevated pressure in the eye known as intraocular pressure. As pressure around the eye is elevated, this damages the optic nerve which transports signals from the eye to the vision centers in the brain. In instances where this pathway is damaged vision is impaired. Regrettably, optic nerve damage is typically permanent.
Glaucoma is particularly dangerous because distinct from other causes of vision loss, it is asymptomatic until vision is already lost.
It is for this reason that glaucoma has acquired the nickname the "sneak thief of sight." This may leave you wondering is it possible to detect a disease which is asymptomatic?
Prompt diagnosis of the disease is essential for effective treatment. While glaucoma risk is universal, specific populations are at higher risk than others. Serious risk factors for glaucoma may include adults over 45, those with a family history of glaucoma, individuals with a predisposition towards diabetes, or known eye conditions such as elevated intraocular pressure.
An effective way to detect glaucoma is to find a qualified optometrist. There are a number of diagnostic eye examinations employed to check damage to the ocular nerves caused by glaucoma. Particularly if you are over 45 or have one of the other risk factors named above, you should plan for a routine eye examination at least once a year.
The fact is for the most part glaucoma cannot be prevented. However the damage to the optic nerve and deterioration of vision can be halted by timely diagnosis and prompt treatment. Don't delay! Contact TotalVision Eyecare of Glastonbury today, for your annual glaucoma screening.